Rajahmundry and Guntur – Two Major Cities of Andhra Pradesh

Published: 19th August 2011
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Rajahmundry, originally known as Rajamahendri, is better known as the ‘cultural capital and born city’ of Andhra Pradesh. This might be due to the fact that this palce was the origin for Telugu language. Poet Nannayya who is the first poet of Telugu was born here and hence gave Telugu a script which made it a language.



History:



-It is believed that the Chalukyas were the earliest rulers of the place.



-11th Century: Rajaraja Narendra was a Chalukya king who ruled the city. However, fresh archaeological data suggests that the history of the place is older than that.



-In the 19th century: It was one of the biggest South Indian cities and was the epicenter of many uprisings during the British Era.



-Nyapathi Subbarao and Kandukuri Veerasalingam were the two most important freedom fighters from Rajahmundry who played a crucial role in India’s freedom struggle. Mr. Subba Rao was also one of the founders of ‘The Hindu’, an English Daily.



Today, Rajahmundry is primarily a pilgrimage centre, due to the presence of a large number of temples in the city. It also holds the Pushkaram, once every 12 years. Pushkaram is a holy congregation which sees millions of devotees taking a dip in the Godavari. The city also shares a special bond with Tollywood. Pattiseema, a scenic spot here, involves the shooting of numerous Telugu movies every year. Apart from the temples and the Tollywood tryst, the place is also known for Pulasa Fish. It’s a rare species which is found only during the monsoon season.



Rajahmundry is well connected to other neighboring cities of Andhra Pradesh by road and rail. Located on an elevation of 45 feet, it has a typical hot and humid tropical climate. The temperature does not vary much throughout the year, but the months of December and January are relatively cooler than the rest.



Places to Visit:





  • Dowlaiswaram


  • Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Pattiseema


  • Cotton museum


  • ONGC Base complex


  • Goutami Ghat


  • River Bay Water Park




Guntur:



Guntur is located located 64 kms from the Bay of Bengal and has great accessibility to mostly all the major cities in the state. Guntur is a well developed city and it is considered a center for learning. Guntur and the nearby areas have many Buddhist influences and it is said that Buddha performed the first Kalachakra in this region. The Pratipulapra Kings were the earliest known rulers of Guntur.



Guthikonda caves and Stinagaram are some of the interesting places to visit in the Guntur region. They are believed to be old and there are references to them in Vedic Puranas. Hyder Ali and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the city before the European colonial powers arrived in Guntur. Guntur was the French capital for a brief while.



1752: The French shifted their headquarters from Kondavid Fort because of the ample availability of water due to the two large tanks. This settlement formed the nucleus of the modern city.



1788: The Nizam and Haidar Ali ruled the town untill the British took over.



1859: It was made the headquarters of a district named after it that was abolished and later got reconstituted in 1904.



1890: The city rapidly became a major market for agricultural product due to the opening of the railway link.



The city has a mix of urban and regional life style and there are many resorts that are located a short distance from the Guntur city. Amaravati, Sitanagaram and Bhattiprolu are the striking monuments that can be spotted in Guntur. Guntur is known as major center for textiles and transportation. There are many references to Guntur in some of the ancient Sanskrit texts.



Places to Visit:





  • Amaravati


  • Kotappakonda


  • Ponnur


  • Govada


  • Panchalavaram


  • Ananthavaram


  • Pedaparimi


  • Nagarjuna Sagar Dam


  • Nagarjunakonda


  • Undavalli Caves


  • Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary


  • Ethipothala Falls


  • Bhattiprolu


  • Kondaveedu Fort


  • Guthikonda


  • Sitanagaram


  • Chebrole




Bus booking is fairly easy nowadays on internet. If you plan early you’ll get budget Bus tickets online. For online bus tickets booking you can check different OTA’s website. Search best bus service, compare and buy cheap tickets.



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